Explore the short- and long-term ramifications the renewable power source has on the architecture of the power train in the data center.
According to a recent IEA publication, global data center electricity use in 2020 was 200–250 TWh1, or around 1% of global final electricity demand. Major builders of data centers are committing to building renewable power generation facilities along with their data centers, lessening the strain on the local utilities while also helping them to meet local, state, and federal requirements for renewable energy production.
Although many alternative energy production technologies initially produce direct current (DC), alternating current (AC) continues to power IT racks within data centers. This approach helps to minimize conversion losses, distribution losses, and the size of copper cabling needed for power. It enables maximum power density for the rack, resulting in a more energy-efficient data center.
This paper explores the short- and long-term ramifications the renewable power source has on the architecture of the power train in the data center.